The employment-based Fifth Preference visa category titled EB-5 was created by the U.S. Congress in 1990 to assist foreigners looking to invest in a new U.S. business which will generate or preserve a minimum of 10 full-time workers, as well as positively influence the U.S. economy.
The amount needed to invest is based on the location of the real-estate. In rural areas or places with high unemployment rates the minimum is $500,000. In all other areas the minimum is $1,000,000. There are roughly 10,000 available EB-5 green cards allotted per year and a little less than 1/3 of these are provided to foreign nationals who partner with a Regional Center for their investment option.