Those who utilize visa Immigrant Investor programs receive permanent resident status, known as a green card, which protects residents from having to renew or re-apply for a status.
Both the E-1 Treaty Investor and E-2 Treaty Trader programs only allow for non-immigrant status that expires once the eligibility of the business and/or investment is over. This means the immigrant will have to exit the U.S. pending qualification in another visa category. The E-1 and E-2 categories also do not cover family members under 21, so younger immigrants will have to acquire their own visas.
The L-1 non-immigrant classification allows participants to request a Multinational Executive or Manager title which allows them to eventually apply for Permanent Resident status. This request is growing increasingly challenging due to the heightened number of fraudulent cases. Similarly, time limited non-immigrant visas such as the E-1, E-2 and H category participants may never receive permanent residency and require supplemental paperwork with USCIS or Department of State. Possible amendments of immigration laws may prohibit approval from a visa renewal application.